Dr. Saoji Orthopaedic Clinic And Medilab Pathology Laboratory
Sky Orthopaedics,1st Floor, Nikalas Tower, Central Bazar Road,Nagpur
4.3 / 5
Home sample collection available
MON-SAT 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM
Know About Helicobacter Pylori - IgG
Helicobacter pylori is a type of bacteria that is known to be a major cause of peptic ulcer disease. H. pylori testing detects an infection of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract caused by the bacteria.
H. pylori is very common, especially in developing countries. The bacteria are present in (colonize) the stomachs and intestines of as many as 50% of the world's population. Most of those affected will never have any symptoms, but the presence of H. pylori increases the risk of developing ulcers (peptic ulcer disease), chronic gastritis, and gastric (stomach) cancer. The bacteria decrease the stomach's ability to produce mucus, making the stomach prone to acid damage and peptic ulcers.
There are several different types of H. pylori testing that can be performed. Some are less invasive than others.
Stool antigen test ? detection of H. pylori in a stool sample
Urea breath test ? detection of labeled carbon dioxide in the breath after drinking a solution
Recommendations for these tests come from published guidelines by the American Gastroenterology Association (AGA), the American College of Gastroenterologists (ACG), and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) / the American Society for Microbiology (ASM).
An antibody test using a blood sample is not recommended for routine diagnosis or for evaluation of treatment effectiveness. This test detects antibodies to the bacteria and will not distinguish between a present and previous infection. If the antibody test is negative, then it is unlikely that a person has had an H. pylori infection. If ordered and positive, results should be confirmed using a stool antigen or breath test.
Invasive tests using an endoscopy procedure are less frequently performed than noninvasive tests because they require a tissue biopsy collection. Tests include:
Histology ? examination of tissue under a microscope
Rapid urease testing ? detects urease, an enzyme produced by H. pylori
Culture ? growing H. pylori in/on a nutrient solution
H pylori; H-pylori; H. pylori antibody test
Esophageal Ulcer; Gastric Ulcer.
o diagnose an infection with Helicobacter pylori, bacteria that can cause peptic ulcers. When you have symptoms of an ulcer, such as gastrointestinal pain that comes and goes, unexplained weight loss, nausea and/or vomiting.
Testing may be ordered when someone is experiencing gastrointestinal pain and has signs and symptoms of an ulcer. Some of these may include:
Abdominal pain that comes and goes over time
Unexplained weight loss
Feeling of fullness or bloating
Some people may have more serious signs and symptoms that require immediate medical attention, including sharp, sudden, persistent stomach pain, bloody or black stools, or bloody vomit or vomit that looks like coffee grounds.
H. pylori testing may also be ordered when a person has completed a regimen of prescribed antibiotics to confirm that the H. pylori bacteria have been eliminated. A follow-up test is not performed on every person, however.