Lipids are a group of fats and fat-like substances that are important constituents of cells and sources of energy. A lipid profile measures the level of specific lipids in the blood.
Two important lipids, cholesterol and triglycerides, are transported in the blood by lipoprotein particles. Each particle contains a combination of protein, cholesterol, triglyceride, and phospholipid molecules. The particles measured with a lipid profile are classified by their density into high-density lipoproteins (HDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL).
Monitoring and maintaining healthy levels of these lipids is important in staying healthy. While the body produces the cholesterol needed to function properly, the source for some cholesterol is the diet. Eating too much of foods that are high in saturated fats and trans unsaturated fats (trans fats) or having an inherited predisposition can result in a high level of cholesterol in the blood. The extra cholesterol may be deposited in plaques on the walls of blood vessels. Plaques can narrow or eventually block the opening of blood vessels, leading to hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and increasing the risk of numerous health problems, including heart disease and stroke. A high level of triglycerides in the blood is also associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), although the reason for this is not well understood.
A lipid profile typically includes:
Total cholesterol High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ? often called ""good cholesterol"" because it removes excess cholesterol and carries it to the liver for removal. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ? often called ""bad cholesterol"" because it deposits excess cholesterol in walls of blood vessels, which can contribute to atherosclerosis. Triglycerides
Lipid Panel; Coronary Risk Panel; Lipid Profile
Heart Disesse; Obesity; Hypertension; Diabetes; Stroke
Lipid Profile is tested to assess your risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD); to monitor treatment. Screening when no risk factors present: for adults, every four to six years; for youths, once between the ages of 9 and 11 and again between ages 17 and 21
Monitoring: at regular intervals when risk factors are present, when prior results showed high risk levels, and/or to monitor effectiveness of treatment.
It is recommended that healthy adults with no other risk factors for heart disease be tested with a fasting lipid profile once every four to six years. Initial screening may involve only a single test for total cholesterol and not a full lipid profile. However, if the screening cholesterol test result is high, it will likely be followed by testing with a lipid profile.
If other risk factors are present or if previous testing revealed a high cholesterol level in the past, more frequent testing with a full lipid profile is recommended.
Risk factors other than high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) include:
Note: High HDL (60 mg/dL or above) is considered a ""negative risk factor"" and its presence allows the removal of one risk factor from the total.
For children and adolescents, routine lipid testing is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in all children once between the ages of 9 and 11 and again between 17 and 21. Earlier and more frequent screening with a lipid profile is recommended for children and youths who are at an increased risk of developing heart disease as adults. Some of the risk factors are similar to those in adults and include a family history of heart disease or health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or being overweight. High-risk children should be tested between 2 and 8 years old with a fasting lipid profile, according to the AAP.
Children younger than 2 years old are too young to be tested.
A lipid profile may also be ordered at regular intervals to evaluate the success of lipid-lowering lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise or to determine the effectiveness of drug therapy such as statins.
Yes, but fruits should be consumed in moderation, as some contain high amounts of fructose that can severely affect your blood sugar levels.
Triglycerides are lipids. They are a main component of fat and are used to store energy. They circulate in the blood so that your body can easily access them.
Your blood triglyceride levels rise after you eat food. They decrease when you?ve gone a while without food.
The hormone that helps the body use sugar (glucose) for energy is called insulin.
Insulin is made by the body in the pancreas and when the body cannot produce enough insulin on its own, it needs to be taken by injection or other means.
Everyone who has type 1 diabetes (previously known as juvenile diabetes) must take some form of insulin therapy. Some people with type 2 diabetes will also need insulin supplementation. There are different types of insulin available, and they differ in chemical structure and how long they last in the body
Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in your body. You get some from the food you eat, and your body makes some. Your levels of triglycerides may also be high with other conditions such as diabetes, pre-diabetes, or heart problems such as high blood pressure. If you?re overweight and have a large waistline, you?re also at risk for high levels. Your triglycerides are more likely to be high if you have one or more of these health issues: high levels of LDL -- the ?bad? cholesterol -- or low levels of HDL - the ?good? cholesterol.
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that occurs naturally in the body and is made by the liver. Cholesterol is also present in foods we eat. People need cholesterol for the body to function normally. Cholesterol is present in membranes (walls) of every cell in the body, including the brain, nerves, muscles, skin, liver, intestines, and heart. too much cholestrol is dangerous to health heart
Take note that testing equipment like blood glucose meters, which can be bought over the counter, cannot diagnose diabetes. You should consult a physician to get a proper diagnosis.
Extreme thirst, Frequent urination and Fatigue. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are related to high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).
Symptoms may not be present at first because type 2 diabetes can develop gradually over time. High blood sugar levels can result in symptoms including thirst, frequent urination, tiredness, listlessness, nausea, and dizziness. If the blood sugar levels are extremely high, symptoms may escalate to confusion, drowsiness, and even loss of consciousness (diabetic coma, which is a medical emergency).