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cost of Glucose Fasting & Post Lunch ( PP ) ( Blood Sugar )  at Healthcare Medical Centre & Diagnostics is 115

Glucose Fasting & Post Lunch ( PP ) ( Blood Sugar )

Healthcare Medical Centre & Diagnostics
Mahavir Suryadarshan Society , Mahavir Nagar Kandivali,Mumbai

4.3 / 5

₹ 115
Lab Details
Home sample collection available
Opening Ours MON-SAT 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM
Glucose Fasting & Post Lunch ( PP ) ( Blood Sugar )  infograph

Diabetes

enter image description here Diabetes: What Everyone Should Know

Known as the 7th leading cause of death in the United states, with more than 100 million people presently living with it or having a form called pre-diabetes, it is very important that we learn as much as we can about this condition.

It is even more necessary to demistify this condition since there are so many misconceptions and fears surrounding living with diabetes. But diabetes shouldn?t stop people from doing all the things they like to do.

For Chandler, who was diagnosed with a type of diabetes at the age of 4, besides checking his blood sugar level and getting his insulin shots, a regular day for him is a lot like every other kid's.

Chandler is 11 years old now and he still gets to ride his bike, fish, swim, play video games, and collect baseball cards.

Sadly, unlike Chandler, many people have lived with diabetes without knowing. The burden of the disease is worse than we think but it is easy to treat and manage much more than we can imagine.

So, what is diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of diseases which is responsible for excess sugar in the blood stream.

The presence of this sugar (glucose) often results in different body symptoms like excessive thirst, frequent weeing, fainting spells, weight loss, nausea, fatigue and bleeding.

Diabetes is often incurable and scientist believe it is transferable from parents to children and triggered by environmental factors which kill the insulin producing cells in the body.

It is extremely rare in babies and children below the age of 13 but very prevalent in adults from the age of 41- 60 and also common in seniors who are 60 years and above.

Two important forms of Diabetes

There are different types of diabetes with the two most common ones being called type 1 and 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is caused by the malfunction of the body?s immune system or when the body?s immune system begins to destroy the beta cells of the pancreas which produces insulin.

In the case of type 2 diabetes, it is caused by several factors many of which include genetics and other self-destructive habits like feeding on junks and lack of physical activity.

Type 1 diabetes

As earlier stated, most type 1 diabetes is triggered by the immune system - the immune system is the part of the body system that fights off infections.

It attacks and destroys the cells producing the insulin which the body needs so much to convert the excess sugar consumed by the body.

Symptoms of this type of diabetes includes fatigue, blurry vison and cases of injuries that do not heal readily.

Type 2 diabetes

Type two diabetes is quite different because its symptoms develop slower than type one diabetes and these symptoms are mostly difficult to notice.

Individuals that are most likely to develop a type 2 diabetes are those who are not physically active, very overweight or obese.

These extra weight always causes insulin resistance; a condition where body parts like liver, muscle and fat cells do not use insulin well.

Early warning signs of diabetes

As with all diseases, diabetes also has its early warning signs that you should look out for and physicians are always on the high alert not to miss them.

These early signs include but are not limited to the following:

Fatigue

Excessive thirst

Dry mouth

Frequent urination

Wounds that don't heal quickly

Blurry vison and

Recurrent skin infections

They may also include severe signs like weight loss that isn?t prompted by any form of obvious cause like sickness or infection and reduced feeling in the limbs especially hands and feet.

There is however a caveat to early signs of diabetes. A times, in people with type 2 diabetes there are usually no form of observable signs, until complications set in.

Prediabetes symptoms

It must be noted that there are often no notable features or symptoms that can be associated with pre-diabetes in individuals.

Borderline diabetes as pre diabetes is sometimes called may sometimes show symptoms such as weight gain, and excessive hunger.

These symptoms are however tricky as they are also symptoms for other diseases and infections.

What food causes diabetes?
enter image description here

Food doesn?t cause diabetes. However, certain meals can increase the risk of developing diabetes.

A regular high calorie diet consisting of high sugar meals like white bread, pasta, rice and other refined flour foods is a typical example.

These classes of carbohydrate based food lead to increase in blood sugar levels which can trigger this condition.

Foods like wheat, non- starchy vegetables, egg-white and different forms of edible nuts and seeds are generally healthier.

What food to avoid with diabetes?

Diabetes does not stop you from eating the foods that you enjoy. People living with diabetes can eat almost all foods, but some of these have to be eaten in smaller portions.

Foods that consist of highly processed carbs including baked goods made white flour, sweets, sugary beverages, candies, white breads and cereals should be avoided.

Sugar and diabetes: Two sides of a coin

There has always been a lot of misconception about the role of sugar in causing diabetes. Many people assume that people with diabetes should eat sugar-free meals.

Well eating sugar doesn?t cause diabetes but it plays an indirect role in its evolution. The presence of too much sugar in the blood will lead to weight gain or obesity, a risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

Can diabetics eat ice cream/pizza/bacon/cake/Chocolate/bread?

A large percentage of individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes are those who have unhealthy eating habits.

The ubiquity of junks like pizza, cakes, chocolate bread and other forms of flour based meals are high in sugar and these makes them terrible for consumption, especially for a diabetic.

However, if these pastries are made with sweeteners like dates, honey and wheat instead of flour then they are suitable to be consumed by diabetics.

Is milk/Banana good for diabetes?

The truth is, fruits contain sugar, although the sugar found in fruits are natural sugar. Bananas, like every other fruit, can be eaten in moderation.

Lactose is found in milk and it can also raise your blood sugar level especially when consumed in large portion. But it?s an important nutrient which can benefit the body when not taken excessively.

Milk and bananas are therefore good for diabetics.

Diagnosing and monitoring Diabetes

There are several tests used to diagnose the different types of diabetes from pre-diabetes to type 1 and 2.

Doctors mostly recommend the Fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) or the random plasma glucose test (RPG) test for diagnosis.

A special test referred to has ?HbA1c? can also be used to check how well your sugar has been controlled in the last 3 months.

These tests help to diagnose and also monitor the condition.

Can diabetes be cured completely?

Sadly, the most important thing to know about diabetes is that diabetes can be managed until it goes into remission but it cannot be cured.

With medication and lifestyle changes diabetes can be effectively managed.

Can diabetes be treated from home?

Diabetes test can be carried out from the house and contrary to the claims that herbs and supplements can cure diabetes, they cannot.

To treat diabetes, the combination of herbs, supplements and diabetic medications from your physician is often the tested and trusted means of treatment, which can be taken at home.

Diabetes and pregnancy: Not as bad as you think

It is only human to be worried about the risk to unborn your child if you?re living with diabetes.

Diabetes can affect pregnancy, especially the advanced state of pregnancy causing miscarriage and preterm births.

But plenty of people will become pregnant and have normal pregnancies with proper monitoring. So, there is little to worry about.

Can diabetes kill?

Sadly, If not treated properly and attended to as at when due, diabetes can kill, especially when the blood sugar is poorly controlled.

It isn?t the disease itself that kills its victims, but instead the deadly complications that arise if it isn?t handled carefully.

Now the good news. Acknowledging that one is diabetic and doing your best to get your blood glucose levels under control leads to a long and happy life.

cost of Glucose Fasting & Post Lunch ( PP ) ( Blood Sugar )  Healthcare Medical Centre & Diagnostics at Kandivali West Mumbai

Know About Glucose Fasting & Post Lunch ( PP ) ( Blood Sugar )

A blood glucose test measures the amount of a sugar called glucose in a sample of your blood.

Glucose is a major source of energy for most cells of the body, including brain cells. Carbohydrates are found in fruit, cereal, bread, pasta, and rice. They are quickly turned into glucose in your body. This raises your blood glucose level.

Hormones made in the body help control blood glucose level.

Blood Sugar, Fasting Blood Sugar, FBS, Fasting Blood Glucose, FBG; Fasting Plasma Glucose, FPG, Blood Glucose Diabetic screening - blood sugar test and Diabetes - blood sugar test.

Diabetes Mellitus, Hyperglycaemia and Gestational Diabetes.

To determine if your blood glucose level is within a healthy range; to screen for and diagnose diabetes and prediabetes and to monitor for high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) or low blood glucose (hypoglycemia); to check for glucose in your urine.

The blood glucose test may be used to:

  1. Detect high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) and low blood glucose (hypoglycemia).

  2. Screen for diabetes in people who are at risk before signs and symptoms are apparent; in some cases, there may be no early signs or symptoms of diabetes. Screening can therefore be useful in helping to identify it and allowing for treatment before the condition worsens or complications arise.

  3. Help diagnose diabetes, prediabetes and gestational diabetes.

  4. Monitor glucose levels in people diagnosed with diabetes.

A few different testing protocols may be used to evaluate blood glucose levels, depending on the purpose.

Screening and Diagnosis The following tests may be used for screening and diagnosis of type 1, type 2 or prediabetes. (Gestational diabetes testing is different?see below.) If the initial screening result from one of the tests is abnormal, the test is repeated on another day. The repeat result must also be abnormal to confirm a diagnosis of diabetes.

  1. Fasting glucose (fasting blood glucose, FBG) ? this test measures the level of glucose in the blood after fasting for at least 8 hours.

  2. 2-hour glucose tolerance test (GTT) ? for this test, the person has a fasting glucose test done (see above), then drinks a 75-gram glucose drink. Another blood sample is drawn 2 hours after the glucose drink. This protocol "challenges" the person's body to process the glucose. Normally, the blood glucose level rises after the drink and stimulates the pancreas to release insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin allows the glucose to be taken up by cells. As time passes, the blood glucose level is expected to decrease again. When a person is unable to produce enough insulin, or if the body's cells are resistant to its effects (insulin resistance), then less glucose is transported from the blood into cells and the blood glucose level remains high.

A different test called HbA1c or Hemoglobin A1c may be used as an alternative to glucose testing for screening and diagnosis.

Sometimes a blood sample may be drawn and glucose measured when a person has not been fasting, for example, when a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is performed. If the result is abnormal, it is typically followed up with a fasting blood glucose test or a GTT.

Glucose blood tests are also used to screen pregnant women for gestational diabetes between their 24th and 28th week of pregnancy. The American Diabetes Association and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommend that pregnant women not previously known to have diabetes be screened and diagnosed, using either a one-step or two-step approach. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends the two-step approach.

  1. One-step 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). After a fasting glucose level is measured, a woman is given a 75-gram dose of glucose to drink and her glucose levels are measured at 1 hour and 2 hours after the dose. Only one of the values needs to be above a cutoff value for diagnosis.

  2. Two-step a. Perform a glucose challenge test as a screen: a woman is given a 50-gram glucose dose to drink and her blood glucose level is measured after 1 hour. b. If the challenge test is abnormal, perform a 3-hour oral glucose tolerance test. After a woman's fasting glucose level is measured, she is given a 100-gram glucose dose and her glucose is measured at timed intervals. If at least two of the glucose levels at fasting, 1 hour, 2 hour, or 3 hour are above a certain level, then a diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made.

Glucose testing is also used to test women who were diagnosed with gestational diabetes 6-12 weeks after they have delivered their baby to detect persistent diabetes.

Monitoring Diabetics must monitor their own blood glucose levels, often several times a day, to determine how far above or below normal their glucose is and to determine what oral medications or insulin(s) they may need. This is usually done by placing a drop of blood from a skin prick onto a glucose strip and then inserting the strip into a glucose meter, a small machine that provides a digital readout of the blood glucose level.

Urine Urine glucose is one of the substances tested when a urinalysis is performed. A urinalysis may be done routinely as part of a physical or prenatal check-up. The health practitioner may follow up an elevated urine glucose test with blood glucose testing. Urine glucose testing is a screening tool, but it is not sensitive enough for diagnosis or monitoring. Other tests, such as diabetes autoantibodies, insulin, and C-peptide, may sometimes be performed along with these tests to help determine the cause of abnormal glucose levels, to distinguish between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and to evaluate insulin production.

Blood glucose fasting and PP: when you are older than 45 years or have risk factors for diabetes; when you have symptoms suggesting high or low blood glucose; during pregnancy; when you are diabetic, self-checks up to several times a day to monitor blood glucose levels.

Urine glucose: usually as part of a urinalysis.

Examples of risk factors include:

  • Overweight, obese, or physically inactive.
  • A close (first degree) relative with diabetes.
  • A woman who delivered a baby weighing more than 9 pounds or with a history of gestational diabetes.
  • A woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome.
  • High-risk race or ethnicity such as African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, Pacific Islander.
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) or taking medication for high blood pressure.
  • Low HDL cholesterol level (less than 35 mg/dL or 0.90 mmol/L) and/or a high triglyceride level (more than 250 mg/dL or 2.82 mmol/L).
  • A1c equal to or above 5.7%.
  • Prediabetes identified by previous testing.
  • History of cardiovascular disease (CVD).

If the screening test result is within normal limits, the ADA recommends retesting within 3 years, while the USPSTF recommends yearly testing. People with prediabetes may be monitored with annual testing.

A blood glucose fasting test may also be ordered when someone has signs and symptoms of high blood glucose (hyperglycemia), such as:

  • Increased thirst, usually with frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing wounds or infections or symptoms of low blood glucose (hypoglycemia), such as:
  • Sweating
  • Hunger
  • Trembling
  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Blurred vision

Diabetics are often required to self-check their glucose, up to several times a day, to monitor glucose levels and to determine treatment options as prescribed by their health practitioner. The healthcare provider may order blood glucose levels periodically in conjunction with other tests such as A1c to monitor glucose control over time.

Pregnant women are usually screened for gestational diabetes between their 24th and 28th week of pregnancy, unless they have early symptoms or have had gestational diabetes with a previous pregnancy. A woman may be tested earlier in her pregnancy if she is at risk of type 2 diabetes (overt diabetes), says the ADA. When a woman has type 1, type 2 or gestational diabetes, her health practitioner will usually order glucose levels throughout the rest of her pregnancy and after delivery to monitor her condition.

Random Blood Sugar ( RBS ) and Random Blood Glucose ( RBG ).

A lab tech will take a sample of your blood from a vein in your arm or the back of your hand. You may feel a slight sting when the needle pricks through your skin.

It may feel a little bit sore afterward, but you can go straight back to your everyday activities.

Your doctor?s office will send the blood sample to a lab to be analyzed. You should get the results in a few days, depending on how fast the lab and your doctor?s office can work.

Blood

1-2 day

Download Sample Report
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that occurs naturally in the body and is made by the liver. Cholesterol is also present in foods we eat. People need cholesterol for the body to function normally. Cholesterol is present in membranes (walls) of every cell in the body, including the brain, nerves, muscles, skin, liver, intestines, and heart. too much cholestrol is dangerous to health heart

Yes, but fruits should be consumed in moderation, as some contain high amounts of fructose that can severely affect your blood sugar levels.

Extreme thirst, Frequent urination and Fatigue. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are related to high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).

Symptoms may not be present at first because type 2 diabetes can develop gradually over time. High blood sugar levels can result in symptoms including thirst, frequent urination, tiredness, listlessness, nausea, and dizziness. If the blood sugar levels are extremely high, symptoms may escalate to confusion, drowsiness, and even loss of consciousness (diabetic coma, which is a medical emergency).

The hormone that helps the body use sugar (glucose) for energy is called insulin.

Insulin is made by the body in the pancreas and when the body cannot produce enough insulin on its own, it needs to be taken by injection or other means.

Everyone who has type 1 diabetes (previously known as juvenile diabetes) must take some form of insulin therapy. Some people with type 2 diabetes will also need insulin supplementation. There are different types of insulin available, and they differ in chemical structure and how long they last in the body

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that occurs naturally in the body and is made by the liver. Cholesterol is also present in foods we eat. People need cholesterol for the body to function normally. Cholesterol is present in membranes (walls) of every cell in the body, including the brain, nerves, muscles, skin, liver, intestines, and heart. too much cholestrol is dangerous to health heart

Triglycerides are lipids. They are a main component of fat and are used to store energy. They circulate in the blood so that your body can easily access them.

Your blood triglyceride levels rise after you eat food. They decrease when you?ve gone a while without food.

Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in your body. You get some from the food you eat, and your body makes some. Your levels of triglycerides may also be high with other conditions such as diabetes, pre-diabetes, or heart problems such as high blood pressure. If you?re overweight and have a large waistline, you?re also at risk for high levels. Your triglycerides are more likely to be high if you have one or more of these health issues: high levels of LDL -- the ?bad? cholesterol -- or low levels of HDL - the ?good? cholesterol.

Triglycerides are lipids. They are a main component of fat and are used to store energy. They circulate in the blood so that your body can easily access them.

Your blood triglyceride levels rise after you eat food. They decrease when you?ve gone a while without food.

Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in your body. You get some from the food you eat, and your body makes some. Your levels of triglycerides may also be high with other conditions such as diabetes, pre-diabetes, or heart problems such as high blood pressure. If you?re overweight and have a large waistline, you?re also at risk for high levels. Your triglycerides are more likely to be high if you have one or more of these health issues: high levels of LDL -- the ?bad? cholesterol -- or low levels of HDL - the ?good? cholesterol.

The hormone that helps the body use sugar (glucose) for energy is called insulin.

Insulin is made by the body in the pancreas and when the body cannot produce enough insulin on its own, it needs to be taken by injection or other means.

Everyone who has type 1 diabetes (previously known as juvenile diabetes) must take some form of insulin therapy. Some people with type 2 diabetes will also need insulin supplementation. There are different types of insulin available, and they differ in chemical structure and how long they last in the body

Extreme thirst, Frequent urination and Fatigue. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are related to high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).

Symptoms may not be present at first because type 2 diabetes can develop gradually over time. High blood sugar levels can result in symptoms including thirst, frequent urination, tiredness, listlessness, nausea, and dizziness. If the blood sugar levels are extremely high, symptoms may escalate to confusion, drowsiness, and even loss of consciousness (diabetic coma, which is a medical emergency).

Take note that testing equipment like blood glucose meters, which can be bought over the counter, cannot diagnose diabetes. You should consult a physician to get a proper diagnosis.

Yes, but fruits should be consumed in moderation, as some contain high amounts of fructose that can severely affect your blood sugar levels.

Take note that testing equipment like blood glucose meters, which can be bought over the counter, cannot diagnose diabetes. You should consult a physician to get a proper diagnosis.