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cost of LDL Cholesterol - Direct at Prabha Diagnostic Centre is 255

LDL Cholesterol - Direct

Prabha Diagnostic Centre
G3, SAI Residency,Hyderabad

4.3 / 5

₹ 255
Lab Details
Home sample collection available
Opening Ours MON-SAT 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM
LDL Cholesterol - Direct infograph

Diabetes

enter image description here Diabetes: What Everyone Should Know

Known as the 7th leading cause of death in the United states, with more than 100 million people presently living with it or having a form called pre-diabetes, it is very important that we learn as much as we can about this condition.

It is even more necessary to demistify this condition since there are so many misconceptions and fears surrounding living with diabetes. But diabetes shouldn?t stop people from doing all the things they like to do.

For Chandler, who was diagnosed with a type of diabetes at the age of 4, besides checking his blood sugar level and getting his insulin shots, a regular day for him is a lot like every other kid's.

Chandler is 11 years old now and he still gets to ride his bike, fish, swim, play video games, and collect baseball cards.

Sadly, unlike Chandler, many people have lived with diabetes without knowing. The burden of the disease is worse than we think but it is easy to treat and manage much more than we can imagine.

So, what is diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of diseases which is responsible for excess sugar in the blood stream.

The presence of this sugar (glucose) often results in different body symptoms like excessive thirst, frequent weeing, fainting spells, weight loss, nausea, fatigue and bleeding.

Diabetes is often incurable and scientist believe it is transferable from parents to children and triggered by environmental factors which kill the insulin producing cells in the body.

It is extremely rare in babies and children below the age of 13 but very prevalent in adults from the age of 41- 60 and also common in seniors who are 60 years and above.

Two important forms of Diabetes

There are different types of diabetes with the two most common ones being called type 1 and 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is caused by the malfunction of the body?s immune system or when the body?s immune system begins to destroy the beta cells of the pancreas which produces insulin.

In the case of type 2 diabetes, it is caused by several factors many of which include genetics and other self-destructive habits like feeding on junks and lack of physical activity.

Type 1 diabetes

As earlier stated, most type 1 diabetes is triggered by the immune system - the immune system is the part of the body system that fights off infections.

It attacks and destroys the cells producing the insulin which the body needs so much to convert the excess sugar consumed by the body.

Symptoms of this type of diabetes includes fatigue, blurry vison and cases of injuries that do not heal readily.

Type 2 diabetes

Type two diabetes is quite different because its symptoms develop slower than type one diabetes and these symptoms are mostly difficult to notice.

Individuals that are most likely to develop a type 2 diabetes are those who are not physically active, very overweight or obese.

These extra weight always causes insulin resistance; a condition where body parts like liver, muscle and fat cells do not use insulin well.

Early warning signs of diabetes

As with all diseases, diabetes also has its early warning signs that you should look out for and physicians are always on the high alert not to miss them.

These early signs include but are not limited to the following:

Fatigue

Excessive thirst

Dry mouth

Frequent urination

Wounds that don't heal quickly

Blurry vison and

Recurrent skin infections

They may also include severe signs like weight loss that isn?t prompted by any form of obvious cause like sickness or infection and reduced feeling in the limbs especially hands and feet.

There is however a caveat to early signs of diabetes. A times, in people with type 2 diabetes there are usually no form of observable signs, until complications set in.

Prediabetes symptoms

It must be noted that there are often no notable features or symptoms that can be associated with pre-diabetes in individuals.

Borderline diabetes as pre diabetes is sometimes called may sometimes show symptoms such as weight gain, and excessive hunger.

These symptoms are however tricky as they are also symptoms for other diseases and infections.

What food causes diabetes?
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Food doesn?t cause diabetes. However, certain meals can increase the risk of developing diabetes.

A regular high calorie diet consisting of high sugar meals like white bread, pasta, rice and other refined flour foods is a typical example.

These classes of carbohydrate based food lead to increase in blood sugar levels which can trigger this condition.

Foods like wheat, non- starchy vegetables, egg-white and different forms of edible nuts and seeds are generally healthier.

What food to avoid with diabetes?

Diabetes does not stop you from eating the foods that you enjoy. People living with diabetes can eat almost all foods, but some of these have to be eaten in smaller portions.

Foods that consist of highly processed carbs including baked goods made white flour, sweets, sugary beverages, candies, white breads and cereals should be avoided.

Sugar and diabetes: Two sides of a coin

There has always been a lot of misconception about the role of sugar in causing diabetes. Many people assume that people with diabetes should eat sugar-free meals.

Well eating sugar doesn?t cause diabetes but it plays an indirect role in its evolution. The presence of too much sugar in the blood will lead to weight gain or obesity, a risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

Can diabetics eat ice cream/pizza/bacon/cake/Chocolate/bread?

A large percentage of individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes are those who have unhealthy eating habits.

The ubiquity of junks like pizza, cakes, chocolate bread and other forms of flour based meals are high in sugar and these makes them terrible for consumption, especially for a diabetic.

However, if these pastries are made with sweeteners like dates, honey and wheat instead of flour then they are suitable to be consumed by diabetics.

Is milk/Banana good for diabetes?

The truth is, fruits contain sugar, although the sugar found in fruits are natural sugar. Bananas, like every other fruit, can be eaten in moderation.

Lactose is found in milk and it can also raise your blood sugar level especially when consumed in large portion. But it?s an important nutrient which can benefit the body when not taken excessively.

Milk and bananas are therefore good for diabetics.

Diagnosing and monitoring Diabetes

There are several tests used to diagnose the different types of diabetes from pre-diabetes to type 1 and 2.

Doctors mostly recommend the Fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) or the random plasma glucose test (RPG) test for diagnosis.

A special test referred to has ?HbA1c? can also be used to check how well your sugar has been controlled in the last 3 months.

These tests help to diagnose and also monitor the condition.

Can diabetes be cured completely?

Sadly, the most important thing to know about diabetes is that diabetes can be managed until it goes into remission but it cannot be cured.

With medication and lifestyle changes diabetes can be effectively managed.

Can diabetes be treated from home?

Diabetes test can be carried out from the house and contrary to the claims that herbs and supplements can cure diabetes, they cannot.

To treat diabetes, the combination of herbs, supplements and diabetic medications from your physician is often the tested and trusted means of treatment, which can be taken at home.

Diabetes and pregnancy: Not as bad as you think

It is only human to be worried about the risk to unborn your child if you?re living with diabetes.

Diabetes can affect pregnancy, especially the advanced state of pregnancy causing miscarriage and preterm births.

But plenty of people will become pregnant and have normal pregnancies with proper monitoring. So, there is little to worry about.

Can diabetes kill?

Sadly, If not treated properly and attended to as at when due, diabetes can kill, especially when the blood sugar is poorly controlled.

It isn?t the disease itself that kills its victims, but instead the deadly complications that arise if it isn?t handled carefully.

Now the good news. Acknowledging that one is diabetic and doing your best to get your blood glucose levels under control leads to a long and happy life.

cost of LDL Cholesterol - Direct Prabha Diagnostic Centre at Bowenpally Hyderabad

Know About LDL Cholesterol - Direct

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol, LDL-C) is one type of lipoprotein that carries cholesterol in the blood. LDL-C consists mostly of cholesterol and similar substances with a small amount of protein. Most often, this test involves using a formula to calculate the amount of LDL-C in blood based on results of a lipid profile. Occasionally, LDL-C is measured directly.

Artery plaqueMonitoring and maintaining healthy levels of lipids is important for staying healthy. Eating too much of foods that are high in saturated fats and trans unsaturated fats (trans fats) or having an inherited predisposition can result in a high level of cholesterol in the blood. The extra cholesterol may be deposited in plaques on the walls of blood vessels. Plaques can narrow or eventually block the opening of blood vessels, leading to hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and increased risk of numerous health problems, including heart disease and stroke. Photo source: NHLBI

LDL-C is considered to be undesirable and is often called ""bad"" cholesterol because it deposits excess cholesterol in blood vessel walls and contributes to hardening of the arteries and heart disease. This is in contrast to high-density lipoproteins (HDL) that tend to transport cholesterol from the arteries to the liver. HDL is thought to protect against heart disease and so it is often called ""good"" cholesterol.

The LDL-C test can help determine an individual's risk of heart disease and help guide decisions about what treatment may be best if the person is at borderline or high risk. The results are considered along with other known risk factors of heart disease to develop a plan of treatment and follow up. Treatment options may involve lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise or lipid-lowering medications such as statins.

The results of a standard lipid profile, which consists of total cholesterol, HDL-C, and triglycerides, are usually used to calculate the amount of LDL-C in the blood. The results are entered into a formula that calculates the amount of cholesterol present in LDL (see Common Questions #3). In most cases, the formula provides a good estimate of the LDL-C, but it becomes less accurate with increased triglyceride levels when, for example, a person has not fasted before having blood drawn. In this situation, the only way to accurately determine LDL-C is to measure it directly. Direct measurement of LDL-C is less affected by triglycerides and can be used when an individual is not fasting or has significantly elevated triglycerides (above 400 mg/dL).

LDL; LDL-C; Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol

Heart Disesse; Obesity; Hypertension; Diabetes; Stroke; Athrosclerosis

To determine your risk of developing heart disease; to monitor effectiveness of lipid-lowering therapy. Screening: as part of a health exam with a lipid profile; every four to six years in adults with no risk factors for heart disease; youth should be tested at least once between the ages of 9 and 11 and once again between the ages of 17 and 21.

Monitoring: may be done more frequently and at regular intervals when risk factors for heart disease are present, when prior results showed high risk levels, and/or when undergoing treatment for unhealthy lipid levels.

Adults

LDL-C levels may be ordered as part a lipid profile when a person has a routine health exam. It is recommended that all adults with no risk factors for heart disease be tested every four to six years.

For people who have one or more major risk factors for heart disease (see below), a fasting lipid profile may be ordered more frequently. It may also be ordered when someone has had a high screening cholesterol result to see if the total cholesterol is high because of too much LDL-C.

Major risk factors for heart disease other than a high LDL-C include:

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Being physically inactive, not getting enough exercise
  • Age (males 45 years or older or females 55 years or older)
  • High blood pressure (blood pressure of 140/90 or higher or taking high blood pressure medications)
  • Family history of premature heart disease (heart disease in a first degree male relative under age 55 or a first degree female relative under age 65)
  • Pre-existing coronary heart disease or already having had a heart attack
  • Diabetes or prediabetes

[Note: High HDL-C (60 mg/dL or above) is considered a ""negative risk factor"" and its presence allows the removal of one risk factor from the total.]

Youth

For children and adolescents, routine lipid testing is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics once between the ages of 9 and 11 and again between the ages of 17 and 21. Earlier and more frequent screening with a lipid profile is recommended for children and youth who are at increased risk of developing heart disease as adults. Some of the risk factors are similar to those in adults and include a family history of heart disease or health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or being overweight. High-risk children should have their first lipid profile between 2 and 8 years of age. Children younger than 2 years old are too young to be tested.

Monitoring

LDL-C levels may also be ordered at regular intervals to evaluate the success of lipid-lowering lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise or to determine the effectiveness of drug therapy such as statins. Guidelines from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association recommend that adults taking statins have a fasting lipid profile done 4 to 12 weeks after starting therapy and then every 3 to 12 months thereafter to assure that the drug is working.

A lab tech will take a sample of your blood from a vein in your arm or the back of your hand. You may feel a slight sting when the needle pricks through your skin.

It may feel a little bit sore afterward, but you can go straight back to your everyday activities.

Your doctor?s office will send the blood sample to a lab to be analyzed. You should get the results in a few days, depending on how fast the lab and your doctor?s office can work.

Blood

1-2 day

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Extreme thirst, Frequent urination and Fatigue. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are related to high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).

Symptoms may not be present at first because type 2 diabetes can develop gradually over time. High blood sugar levels can result in symptoms including thirst, frequent urination, tiredness, listlessness, nausea, and dizziness. If the blood sugar levels are extremely high, symptoms may escalate to confusion, drowsiness, and even loss of consciousness (diabetic coma, which is a medical emergency).

Triglycerides are lipids. They are a main component of fat and are used to store energy. They circulate in the blood so that your body can easily access them.

Your blood triglyceride levels rise after you eat food. They decrease when you?ve gone a while without food.

Yes, but fruits should be consumed in moderation, as some contain high amounts of fructose that can severely affect your blood sugar levels.

Take note that testing equipment like blood glucose meters, which can be bought over the counter, cannot diagnose diabetes. You should consult a physician to get a proper diagnosis.

Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in your body. You get some from the food you eat, and your body makes some. Your levels of triglycerides may also be high with other conditions such as diabetes, pre-diabetes, or heart problems such as high blood pressure. If you?re overweight and have a large waistline, you?re also at risk for high levels. Your triglycerides are more likely to be high if you have one or more of these health issues: high levels of LDL -- the ?bad? cholesterol -- or low levels of HDL - the ?good? cholesterol.

The hormone that helps the body use sugar (glucose) for energy is called insulin.

Insulin is made by the body in the pancreas and when the body cannot produce enough insulin on its own, it needs to be taken by injection or other means.

Everyone who has type 1 diabetes (previously known as juvenile diabetes) must take some form of insulin therapy. Some people with type 2 diabetes will also need insulin supplementation. There are different types of insulin available, and they differ in chemical structure and how long they last in the body

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that occurs naturally in the body and is made by the liver. Cholesterol is also present in foods we eat. People need cholesterol for the body to function normally. Cholesterol is present in membranes (walls) of every cell in the body, including the brain, nerves, muscles, skin, liver, intestines, and heart. too much cholestrol is dangerous to health heart