Know About Routine examination Basic examination (Stool)
A stool routine is a series of tests done on a stool (feces) sample to help diagnose certain conditions affecting the digestive tract. These conditions can include infection (such as from parasites, viruses, or bacteria), poor nutrient absorption, or cancer.
For a stool analysis, a stool sample is collected in a clean container and then sent to the laboratory. Laboratory analysis includes microscopic examination, chemical tests, and microbiologic tests. The stool will be checked for color, consistency, amount, shape, odor, and the presence of mucus. The stool may be examined for hidden (occult) blood, fat, meat fibers, bile, white blood cellsClick here to see an illustration., and sugars called reducing substances. The pH of the stool also may be measured.
Stool Analysis; Stool Test; Stool Ph; Stool for occult blood.
Help identify diseases of the digestive tract, liver and pancreas. Certain enzymes (such as trypsin or elastase) may be evaluated in the stool to help To determine how well the pancreas is functioning.
Help find the cause of symptoms affecting the digestive tract, including prolonged diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, an increased amount of gas, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, bloating, abdominal pain and cramping, and fever.
Screen for colon cancer by checking for hidden (occult) blood.
Look for parasites, such as pinworms or Giardia.
Look for the cause of an infection, such as bacteria, a fungus, or a virus.
Check for poor absorption of nutrients by the digestive tract (malabsorption syndrome). For this test, all stool is collected over a 72-hour period and then checked for fat (and sometimes for meat fibers). This test is called a 72-hour stool collection or quantitative fecal fat test.
A stool routine may be ordered when someone has signs and symptoms of an infection of the digestive tract, such as:
Diarrhea that lasts more than a few days and may contain blood and/or mucus
Abdominal pain and cramping
Has severe symptoms, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and/or other complications
Is very young, elderly, or has a weakened immune system;
Has prolonged signs and symptoms and/or infections that do not resolve without treatment
Has eaten food or drunk fluids that may have been contaminated with pathogenic bacteria, such as undercooked meat or raw eggs, or the same food that has made others ill
Is ill and a possible foodborne or waterborne outbreak prompts the medical community to investigate and identify the cause; examples include contaminated produce, contaminated food from a specific restaurant, and/or illness on a cruise ship.