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Bone Metabolism : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Bone Metabolism?

Metabolic bone disease or MBD refers to a large spectrum of bone disorders, usually caused by mineral abnormalities such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium or vitamin D. The most common metabolic bone diseases include osteoporosis, osteomalacia, rickets, renal osteodystrophy and osteitis deformans (Paget?s disease of bone).

Metabolic bone disease can be caused by a number of factors including vitamin D deficiency, hereditary hypophosphatemia, and hyperparathyroidism (over-activation of the parathyroid gland).

The most common form of metabolic bone disorder is osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density resulting in brittle, fragile bones that are more susceptible to fractures. The condition most commonly affects elderly women. Osteoporosis related fractures are more common at the hips, wrists, or vertebral bodies of the spine. Osteoporosis is called a ?silent disease,? because a majority of patients are unaware of their condition until they develop a bone fracture.

Metabolic bone disease in children can result in linear growth reduction, bone deformities, non-traumatic fractures, and impairment of motor development and function.

Bone Metabolism belongs under the category of Bone disease. Generally Male, Female are the victim of the Bone Metabolism. Seriousness of this disease is Medium.

Symptoms of Bone Metabolism are :

  • Severe joint and muscle pain
  • Joints are the parts of your body where your bones meet. Joints allow the bones of your skeleton to move. Joints include:

    • shoulders
    • hips
    • elbows
    • knees

    Joint pain refers to discomfort, aches, and soreness in any of the body?s joints. Joint pain is a common complaint. It doesn?t typically require a hospital visit.

    Sometimes, joint pain is the result of an illness or injury. Arthritis is also a common cause of joint pain. However, it can also be due to other conditions or factors.

  • Bone pain and Back pain
  • slow movements and thoughts
  • Fractures due to brittle bone.
  • Deformity of bone
  • A waddling walk
  • Scoliosis
  • Causes

    Bone Metabolism can be caused due to: