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Brain tumor (Glioblastoma, Astrocytoma, Pituitary adenoma, Haemangioblastoma, Meningioma) : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Brain tumor?

A brain tumor is a collection, or mass, of abnormal cells in your brain. Your skull, which encloses your brain, is very rigid. Any growth inside such a restricted space can cause problems. Brain tumors can be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). When benign or malignant tumors grow, they can cause the pressure inside your skull to increase. This can cause brain damage, and it can be life-threatening.

Brain tumors are categorized as primary or secondary. A primary brain tumor originates in your brain. Many primary brain tumors are benign. A secondary brain tumor, also known as a metastatic brain tumor, occurs when cancer cells spread to your brain from another organ, such as your lung or breast.

Brain tumor is also known as Glioblastoma, Astrocytoma, Pituitary adenoma, Haemangioblastoma, Meningioma. Brain tumor belongs under the category of Malignent, Benign disease. Acoustic Neuroma, Astrocytoma: Grade I ? Pilocytic, Astrocytoma. Grade II ? Low-grade, Astrocytoma: Grade III ? Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Astrocytoma, Chordoma, CNS Lymphoma, Craniopharyngioma, Other Gliomas, Ependymoma, Medulloblastoma and Meningioma are some common types of Brain tumor. Generally Male, Female, Child are the victim of the Brain tumor. Seriousness of this disease is Serious.

Symptoms of Brain tumor are :

  • Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision
  • Double vision is the perception of two images of a single object seen adjacent to each other (horizontally, vertically, or obliquely) or overlapping. Diplopia is the medical term for double vision. Polyplopia is the perception of three or more images of a single object overlapping each other.

    Double vision is called "monocular" when the double image is perceived by an eye that is tested alone. In "binocular" double vision, each eye sees a single image when tested alone, but a double image is present when both eyes are open.

  • Change in the pattern of Headache
  • Headache disorders can be a difficult health issue to address. They can be further complicated, however, by changes in headache or symptoms. In some cases, these changes are associated with other health issues that need to be addressed.

  • Confusion in everyday matters
  • Confusion is a symptom that makes you feel as if you can?t think clearly. You might feel disoriented and have a hard time focusing or making decisions.

    Confusion is also referred to as disorientation. In its extreme state, it?s referred to as delirium.

    If you or someone you care about is confused for a long period of time, dementia might be the reason. Dementia is a progressive condition caused by brain function decline that results in the loss of your ability to perform everyday functions. It also affects judgment, memory, and behavior.

  • Depression
  • Depression is classified as a mood disorder. It may be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person?s everyday activities.

    It?s also fairly common. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source estimates that 8.1 percent of American adults ages 20 and over had depression in any given 2-week period from 2013 to 2016.

    People experience depression in different ways. It may interfere with your daily work, resulting in lost time and lower productivity. It can also influence relationships and some chronic health conditions.

    Conditions that can get worse due to depression include:

    It?s important to realize that feeling down at times is a normal part of life. Sad and upsetting events happen to everyone. But, if you?re feeling down or hopeless on a regular basis, you could be dealing with depression.

    Depression is considered a serious medical condition that can get worse without proper treatment. Those who seek treatment often see improvements in symptoms in just a few weeks.

  • Fatigue/weakness
  • Weakness

    Weakness is when strength is decreased and extra effort is needed to move a certain part of the body or the entire body. Weakness is due to loss of muscle strength. Weakness can be a big part of why cancer patients feel fatigue.

    Fatigue

    Fatigue is an extreme feeling of tiredness or lack of energy, often described as being exhausted. Fatigue is something that lasts even when a person seems to be getting enough sleep. It can have many causes, including working too much, having disturbed sleep, stress and worry, not having enough physical activity, and going through an illness and its treatment.

  • Hearing problems
  • Hearing loss that occurs gradually as you age (presbycusis) is common. About one-third of people in the United States between the ages of 65 and 75 have some degree of hearing loss. For those older than 75, that number is approximately 1 in 2.

    Hearing loss is defined as one of three types:

    • Conductive (involves outer or middle ear)
    • Sensorineural (involves inner ear)
    • Mixed (combination of the two)

    Aging and chronic exposure to loud noises both contribute to hearing loss. Other factors, such as excessive earwax, can temporarily reduce how well your ears conduct sounds.

    You can't reverse most types of hearing loss. However, you and your doctor or a hearing specialist can take steps to improve what you hear.

  • Personality or behavior changes
  • Personality change refers to a shift in the way you think, act or feel. It may be noticeable only to you, or it may be evident to people close to you.

    Gradual personality changes can be normal as you age. It is also normal for you to have changing behaviors or feelings based on your mood, but these changes are temporary and can usually be attributed to a specific event. A sudden, undesired or uncontrollable change in your personality may be the sign of a serious condition.

    Several mental illnesses can lead to personality changes. These include anxiety disorders, borderline personality disorder, dementia, and schizophrenia. In the case of mental illness, personality changes may be the result of an interplay of factors, including heredity, environment and stress. These types of changes typically emerge before adolescence. Most mental illnesses are thought to result from imbalances in brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) and are treated with medication and psychotherapy.

    Sudden changes in personality can also result from brain damage or infection. Possible causes of brain damage include injury, stroke, infection and inflammation, among others.

  • Speech difficulties
  • Speech disorders can affect the way a person creates sounds to form words. Certain voice disorders may also be considered speech disorders.

    One of the most commonly experienced speech disorders is stuttering. Other speech disorders include apraxia and dysarthria.

    • Apraxia is a motor speech disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain related to speaking.
    • Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder in which the muscles of the mouth, face, or respiratory system may become weak or have difficulty moving.

    Some people with speech disorders are aware of what they would like to say but unable to articulate their thoughts. This may lead to self-esteem issues and the development of depression.

  • Difficulty with balance
  • Balance problems can make you feel dizzy, as if the room is spinning, unsteady, or lightheaded. You might feel as if the room is spinning or you're going to fall down. These feelings can happen whether you're lying down, sitting or standing.

    Many body systems ? including your muscles, bones, joints, eyes, the balance organ in the inner ear, nerves, heart and blood vessels ? must work normally for you to have normal balance. When these systems aren't functioning well, you can experience balance problems.

    Many medical conditions can cause balance problems. However, most balance problems result from issues in your balance organ in the inner ear (vestibular system).

  • Vomiting
  • Vomiting, or throwing up, is a forceful discharge of stomach contents. It can be a one-time event linked to something that doesn?t settle right in the stomach. Recurrent vomiting may be caused by underlying medical conditions.

    Frequent vomiting may also lead to dehydration, which can be life-threatening if left untreated.

  • Nausea
  • Nausea and vomiting are common signs and symptoms that can be caused by numerous conditions. Nausea and vomiting most often are due to viral gastroenteritis ? often mistakenly called stomach flu ? or the morning sickness of early pregnancy.

    Many medications can cause nausea and vomiting, as can general anesthesia for surgery. Rarely, nausea and vomiting may indicate a serious or even life-threatening problem.

  • Gradual loss of sensation
  • People rely on their sense of touch to quickly pull away from a hot object or to feel changes in terrain under their feet. These are referred to as sensations.

    If you can?t feel as well, especially with your hands or feet, it?s known as impaired sensation. If you have impaired sensation, you may not feel anything at all. Or you may feel unusual sensations, such as:

    • numbness
    • tingling
    • weakness
    • pain

    Impaired sensation can lead to injury and balance problems.

    It can be a temporary occurrence that takes place after an injury or a chronic condition that results from diabetes or another illness. Sudden impaired sensation can be a medical emergency.

  • Headaches that gradually become more frequent and more severe
  • Most patients begin noticing headaches in their teens and 20s. Typically, migraine headaches occur only on occasion, perhaps once every few months. Over time, headaches may become more frequent. In some, the pattern increases to headaches more often than not?i.e. more than 50% of the days with pain present about the head and/or neck. Less commonly, headaches become near daily, daily, or even a constant 24/7.

    Causes

    Brain tumor can be caused due to:

    • High age.
    • Gender.
    • Home and work exposures.
    • Family history.
    • Exposure to infections, viruses, and allergens.
    • Electromagnetic fields.
    • Race and ethnicity.
    • Ionizing radiation.

    What kind of precaution should be taken in Brain tumor?

    • Avoid exposure to pesticides and insecticides.
    • Avoid exposure to carcinogenic chemical.
    • Avoid smoking.
    • Avoid unnecessary exposure to radiation.

    How it can be spread?

    • DNA.
    • Tissues close to brain.

    Treatment for the Brain tumor

    Brain tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.Sometimes, a biopsy is done with a needle.

    Possible complication with Brain tumor

    • Fatigue.
    • Headache.
    • Nausea.
    • Vomiting.
    • Speech problem.
    • Vission problem.
    • Hearing loss.
    • Balance issue.
    • Personality and mood changes.
    • Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).
    • Memory loss.
    • Seizures.

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