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Cardiovescular Disease (CVD, heart attack, heart muscle disease, heart failure) : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Cardiovescular Disease?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels. It's usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries (atherosclerosis) and an increased risk of blood clots. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes. CVD is one of the main causes of death and disability in the UK, but it can often largely be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle.

Cardiovescular Disease is also known as CVD, heart attack, heart muscle disease, heart failure. Cardiovescular Disease belongs under the category of Acute disease. Stroke, Congenital heart disease, Arrhythmia, Coronary artery disease, heart failure, Mitral regurgitation and Pulmonary stenosis are some common types of Cardiovescular Disease. Generally Male, Female, Child are the victim of the Cardiovescular Disease. Seriousness of this disease is Serious.

Symptoms of Cardiovescular Disease are :

  • Severe Headache
  • Headaches are a common health problem ? most people experience them at some time.

    Factors that lead to headaches may be:

    Frequent or severe headaches can affect a person?s quality of life. Knowing how to recognize the cause of a headache can help a person take appropriate action.

  • Pain in the arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaw or back
  • Small aches and pains in the left arm are often a normal part of aging. However, sudden or unusual left arm pain could be a sign of a more serious medical problem. It might be a symptom of an injury that needs treating or, in the worst case, the effect of a heart attack.

    Being aware of the potential causes and characteristics of left arm pain can help a person recognize what the body is reacting to and determine when it is necessary to seek medical attention.

    If your arm hurts, your first thought may be that you injured your arm. Pain in one part of the body can sometimes originate elsewhere. A pain in your left arm could mean you have a bone or joint injury, a pinched nerve, or a problem with your heart.

  • High Chest pain
  • Chest pain can be a sign of a heart attack or other cardiac condition, but it can also be a symptom of problems related to:

    • respiration
    • digestion
    • bones and muscles
    • other aspects of physical and mental health

    Chest pain should always be taken seriously, even if it?s mild or you don?t suspect a life-threatening condition.

    Learning to recognize when chest pain should be treated as a medical emergency and when it should be reported to your doctor at your next appointment could help you prevent major medical complications down the road.

  • sweating
  • Excessive sweating is when you sweat more than you might expect based on the surrounding temperature or your activity level or stress. Excessive sweating can disrupt daily activities and cause social anxiety or embarrassment.

    Excessive sweating, or hyperhidrosis (hi-pur-hi-DROE-sis), can affect your entire body or just certain areas, particularly your palms, soles, underarms or face. The type that typically affects the hands and feet causes at least one episode a week, during waking hours.

  • A faster heartbeat
  • A rapid or fast heartbeat is when your heart is beating faster than normal. A normal heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute. Tachycardia is considered a heart rate of greater than 100 beats per minute.
    If you are exercising, or performing any kind of activity, your heart will normally beat faster. This allows your heart to pump blood throughout your body, to provide oxygen to the tissues.
    If you are experiencing fear, anxiety or stress, your heart rate will increase.

    People who can feel their heartbeat, or flutter, may be experiencing palpitations. This may be due to stress, anxiety, medications, or it may be a sign of a serious heart condition. If you experience palpitations, you should report this to your healthcare provider.

  • Nausea
  • Nausea and vomiting are common signs and symptoms that can be caused by numerous conditions. Nausea and vomiting most often are due to viral gastroenteritis ? often mistakenly called stomach flu ? or the morning sickness of early pregnancy.

    Many medications can cause nausea and vomiting, as can general anesthesia for surgery. Rarely, nausea and vomiting may indicate a serious or even life-threatening problem.

  • Fatigue/weakness
  • Weakness

    Weakness is when strength is decreased and extra effort is needed to move a certain part of the body or the entire body. Weakness is due to loss of muscle strength. Weakness can be a big part of why cancer patients feel fatigue.

    Fatigue

    Fatigue is an extreme feeling of tiredness or lack of energy, often described as being exhausted. Fatigue is something that lasts even when a person seems to be getting enough sleep. It can have many causes, including working too much, having disturbed sleep, stress and worry, not having enough physical activity, and going through an illness and its treatment.

  • Heart Palpitations
  • Heart palpitations are the sensation that your heart has skipped a beat or added an extra beat. It may also feel like your heart is racing, pounding, or fluttering.

    You may become overly aware of your heartbeat. This sensation can be felt in the neck, throat, or chest. Your heart rhythm may be changing during the palpitations.

    Some types of heart palpitations are harmless and resolve on their own without treatment. But in other cases, heart palpitations can indicate a serious condition. Usually, a diagnostic test called ?ambulatory arrhythmia monitoring? can help to distinguish benign from more malignant arrhythmias.

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Experiencing breathing difficulty describes discomfort when breathing and feeling as if you can?t draw a complete breath. This can develop gradually or come on suddenly. Mild breathing problems, such as fatigue after an aerobics class, don?t fall into this category.

    Breathing difficulties can be caused by many different conditions. They can also develop as a result of stress and anxiety.

    It?s important to note that frequent episodes of shortness of breath or sudden, intense breathing difficulty may be signs of a serious health issue that needs medical attention. You should discuss any breathing concerns with your doctor.

    Causes

    Cardiovescular Disease can be caused due to:

    • High blood pressure.
    • Smoking.
    • High cholesterol.
    • Diabetes.
    • Inactivity.
    • Family history of CVD.

    What kind of precaution should be taken in Cardiovescular Disease?

    • Control your blood pressure.
    • Keep your cholesterol and triglyceride levels under control.
    • Stay at a healthy weight.
    • Eat a healthy diet.
    • Get regular exercise.
    • Limit alcohol.
    • Don't smoke.
    • Manage stress.

    How it can be spread?

    • By inhibiting blood flow through your arteries.

    Treatment for the Cardiovescular Disease

    medication, such as to reduce low density lipoprotein cholesterol, improve blood flow, or regulate heart rhythm. surgery, such as coronary artery bypass grafting or valve repair or replacement surgery. cardiac rehabilitation, including exercise prescriptions and lifestyle counseling. Jul 26, 2019

    Possible complication with Cardiovescular Disease

    • Heart attack.
    • Stroke.
    • Aneurysm.
    • Peripheral artery disease.
    • Sudden cardiac arres.
    • Heart failure.

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