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Diarrhea (Nounlooseness of the bowels, Montezuma's revenge, backdoor trots) : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Diarrhea?

Diarrhea is loose, watery stools (bowel movements). You have diarrhea if you have loose stools three or more times in one day. Acute diarrhea is diarrhea that lasts a short time. It is a common problem. It usually lasts about one or two days, but it may last longer. Then it goes away on its own.

Diarrhea lasting more than a few days may be a sign of a more serious problem. Chronic diarrhea -- diarrhea that lasts at least four weeks -- can be a symptom of a chronic disease. Chronic diarrhea symptoms may be continual, or they may come and go.

Diarrhea is also known as Nounlooseness of the bowels, Montezuma's revenge, backdoor trots. Diarrhea belongs under the category of Viral, bacterial disease. acute watery diarrhoea, acute bloody diarrhoea and persistent diarrhoea are some common types of Diarrhea. Generally People suffering from illness, older adults, Male, Female, Child are the victim of the Diarrhea. Seriousness of this disease is medium.

Symptoms of Diarrhea are :

  • Medium Fever
  • A fever is a higher-than-normal body temperature. It?s a sign of your body's natural fight against infection.

    • For adults, a fever is when your temperature is higher than 100.4F.
    • For kids, a fever is when their temperature is higher than 100.4F (measured rectally); 99.5F (measured orally); or 99F (measured under the arm).

    The average normal body temperature is 98.6 Fahrenheit (or 37 Celsius). When you or your child?s temperature rises a few degrees above normal, it?s a sign that the body is healthy and fighting infection. In most cases, that?s a good thing.

    But when a fever rises above 102F it should be treated at home and, if necessary, by your healthcare provider if the fever doesn?t go down after a few days.

  • Frequent loose, watery stools
  • Loose stools are bowel movements that appear softer than normal. They can be watery, mushy, or shapeless. In some cases, they may have a strong or foul odor.

    There are many possible causes for loose stools. They frequently happen after eating, but they can also occur throughout the day.

  • bloody stools
  • Seeing blood in the toilet, on the outside of your stool, or with wiping after a bowel movement is common. Fortunately, most of the causes of such rectal bleeding are not life-threatening; common causes include hemorrhoids and anal fissures. However, the only way to be certain of the cause is to be evaluated by a healthcare provider.

    • Rectal bleeding is the passage of blood through the anus. The bleeding may result in bright red blood in the stool as well as maroon colored or black stool. The bleeding also may be occult (not visible with the human eye).
    • The common causes of rectal bleeding from the colon include anal fissure, hemorrhoids, diverticulosis, colon cancer and polyps, colonic polyp removal, angiodysplasias, colitis, proctitis, and Meckel's diverticula.
    • Rectal bleeding also may be seen with bleeding that is coming from higher in the intestinal tract, from the stomach, duodenum, small intestine, or Meckel's diverticulum.
    • Rectal bleeding may not be painful; however, other symptoms that may accompany rectal bleeding are diarrhea, and abdominal cramps due to the irritation caused by the blood in the stool.
    • Rectal bleeding is commonly evaluated and treated by gastroenterologists and colorectal or general surgeons.
    • The origin of rectal bleeding is determined by history and physical examination, anoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, radionuclide scans, visceral angiograms, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy or capsule endoscopy of the small intestine, and blood tests.
    • Rectal bleeding is managed first by correcting any low blood volume and anemia if present with blood transfusions and then, determining the site and cause of the bleeding, stopping the bleeding, and preventing future rebleeding.
    • Rectal bleeding can be prevented if the cause of the bleeding can be found and definitively treated, for example, by removing the bleeding polyp or tumor. In addition, it may be appropriate to search for additional abnormalities, for example, polyps or angiodysplasias that have not yet bled but may do so in the future. This may require either gastrointestinal endoscopy or surgery.
  • abdominal pain
  • Abdominal pain has many potential causes. The most common causes ? such as gas pains, indigestion or a pulled muscle ? usually aren't serious. Other conditions may require more-urgent medical attention.

    While the location and pattern of abdominal pain can provide important clues, its time course is particularly useful when determining its cause.

    Acute abdominal pain develops, and often resolves, over a few hours to a few days. Chronic abdominal pain may be intermittent, or episodic, meaning it may come and go. This type of pain may be present for weeks to months, or even years. Some conditions cause progressive pain, which steadily gets worse over time.

  • Severe Headache
  • Headaches are a common health problem ? most people experience them at some time.

    Factors that lead to headaches may be:

    Frequent or severe headaches can affect a person?s quality of life. Knowing how to recognize the cause of a headache can help a person take appropriate action.

    Causes

    Diarrhea can be caused due to:

    • Infection - viral, bacterial, and parasitic.
    • Acute food poisoning.
    • Starting new medications.

    What kind of precaution should be taken in Diarrhea?

    • Drink only bottled water, even for tooth brushing.
    • Avoid eating food from street vendors.
    • Avoid ice made with tap water.
    • Eat only those fruits or vegetables that are cooked or can be peeled.
    • Be sure that all foods you eat are thoroughly cooked and served steaming hot.
    • Never eat raw or undercooked meat or seafood.

    How it can be spread?

    • Infection - viral, bacterial, and parasitic.
    • Acute food poisoning.
    • Starting new medications.

    Treatment for the Diarrhea

    Urgent care center because medical treatment may be necessary if there is severe diarrhea. To replace fluids, a health care professional will often start an IV line if the patient is dehydrated and can't eat or drink.Antibiotics will get not rid of diarrhea caused by viruses. If a person has severe diarrhea, especially accompanied with dehydration, he or she may require hospitalization to receive IV fluids and to be observed.

    Possible complication with Diarrhea

    • dehydration.
    • Electrolyte (mineral) abnormalities.
    • Irritation of the anus.

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