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Fibromyalgia (Diffuse myofascial pain syndrome,Fibromyalgiafibromyositis syndrome.) : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia (fi·bro·my·al·gi·a) is a condition that causes torment everywhere throughout the body (likewise alluded to as across the board torment), rest issues, weariness, and frequently enthusiastic and mental trouble. Individuals with fibromyalgia might be more touchy to torment than individuals without fibromyalgia. This is called strange torment recognition handling. Fibromyalgia influences around 4 million US grownups, about 2% of the grownup populace. The reason for fibromyalgia isn't known, however it very well may be viably rewarded and overseen.

Fibromyalgia is also known as Diffuse myofascial pain syndrome,Fibromyalgiafibromyositis syndrome.. hyperalgesia, allodynia, paresthesia, muscle pain, joint pain, headaches, and abdominal pain are some common types of Fibromyalgia. Generally Male,Female are the victim of the Fibromyalgia. Seriousness of this disease is Medium.

Symptoms of Fibromyalgia are :

  • Migrain
  • Sleep problems
  • Anxiety
  • constipation
  • Depression
  • Depression is classified as a mood disorder. It may be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person?s everyday activities.

    It?s also fairly common. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source estimates that 8.1 percent of American adults ages 20 and over had depression in any given 2-week period from 2013 to 2016.

    People experience depression in different ways. It may interfere with your daily work, resulting in lost time and lower productivity. It can also influence relationships and some chronic health conditions.

    Conditions that can get worse due to depression include:

    It?s important to realize that feeling down at times is a normal part of life. Sad and upsetting events happen to everyone. But, if you?re feeling down or hopeless on a regular basis, you could be dealing with depression.

    Depression is considered a serious medical condition that can get worse without proper treatment. Those who seek treatment often see improvements in symptoms in just a few weeks.

  • aches and pains
  • Body aches are a common symptom of many conditions. The flu is one of the most well-known conditions that can cause body aches. Aches can also be caused by your everyday life, especially if you stand, walk, or exercise for long periods of time.

    You may just need rest and some treatment at home to relieve your body aches. But some aches, especially ones that last a long time, may mean that you have an underlying condition. In these cases, you may need to see your doctor for a diagnosis. They can create a long-term treatment plan to can relieve your aches and other associated symptoms.

  • abdominal pain
  • Abdominal pain has many potential causes. The most common causes ? such as gas pains, indigestion or a pulled muscle ? usually aren't serious. Other conditions may require more-urgent medical attention.

    While the location and pattern of abdominal pain can provide important clues, its time course is particularly useful when determining its cause.

    Acute abdominal pain develops, and often resolves, over a few hours to a few days. Chronic abdominal pain may be intermittent, or episodic, meaning it may come and go. This type of pain may be present for weeks to months, or even years. Some conditions cause progressive pain, which steadily gets worse over time.

  • Fatigue/weakness
  • Weakness

    Weakness is when strength is decreased and extra effort is needed to move a certain part of the body or the entire body. Weakness is due to loss of muscle strength. Weakness can be a big part of why cancer patients feel fatigue.

    Fatigue

    Fatigue is an extreme feeling of tiredness or lack of energy, often described as being exhausted. Fatigue is something that lasts even when a person seems to be getting enough sleep. It can have many causes, including working too much, having disturbed sleep, stress and worry, not having enough physical activity, and going through an illness and its treatment.

  • Severe Headache
  • Headaches are a common health problem ? most people experience them at some time.

    Factors that lead to headaches may be:

    Frequent or severe headaches can affect a person?s quality of life. Knowing how to recognize the cause of a headache can help a person take appropriate action.

    Causes

    Fibromyalgia can be caused due to:

    Genes Emotional or physical abuse. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Gender. Anxiety and depression. Not moving enough."

    What kind of precaution should be taken in Fibromyalgia?

    ####Get adequate sleep Lack of restorative sleep is both a symptom of fibromyalgia and a cause of flare-ups. Poor sleep creates a cycle of more pain, making it harder to sleep, which causes more pain, and so on. You may be able to break the cycle by going to bed at the same time every night and practicing good sleep habits.

    Try relaxing one hour before bed by shutting off the television and other electronic devices. Reading, taking a warm bath, or meditating are all good ways to unwind and prepare for deeper sleep. Your doctor may prescribe a sleep aid if you have persistent problems falling or staying asleep.

    Reduce emotional and mental stress The symptoms of fibromyalgia get worse with stress. You can reduce flare-ups by minimizing the things that cause you stress. Eliminating sources of stress, such as unhealthy relationships or tense work environments, is one way to do this.

    Some stressors cannot be avoided. Learning coping techniques can help minimize the effects of stress on your body and your mind.

    ####Positive stress-busters include:

    #####meditation #####relaxation #####acupuncture #####deep breathing techniques Moderate intensity exercise is also a good way to blow off steam in a healthy way.

    Some people turn to alcohol and drugs in order to handle stress. This coping behavior is counterproductive. It can make symptoms worse or increase your risk for dangerous health complications that result from frequent alcohol or drug use.

    ####Get regular exercise Regular, moderate exercise can keep the muscles and joints healthy. Don?t go overboard. Rigorous fitness plans can make your symptoms worse. Walking is a good way to stay healthy and active without strenuous effort.

    ####Eat a balanced diet Some people with fibromyalgia find that certain foods make their symptoms worse. Gastrointestinal issues, such as irritable bowel syndrome, sometimes accompany this syndrome. You can reduce flare-ups by eating a balanced diet and avoiding foods and drinks that make your symptoms worse. It?s often best to minimize:

    caffeine fried foods foods high in sodium

    How it can be spread?

    By genes

    Treatment for the Fibromyalgia

    ####Medications Medications can help reduce the pain of fibromyalgia and improve sleep. Common choices include:

    #####Pain relievers. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve, others) may be helpful. Your doctor might suggest a prescription pain reliever such as tramadol (Ultram). Narcotics are not advised, because they can lead to dependence and may even worsen the pain over time. #####Antidepressants. Duloxetine (Cymbalta) and milnacipran (Savella) may help ease the pain and fatigue associated with fibromyalgia. Your doctor may prescribe amitriptyline or the muscle relaxant cyclobenzaprine to help promote sleep. #####Anti-seizure drugs. Medications designed to treat epilepsy are often useful in reducing certain types of pain. Gabapentin (Neurontin) is sometimes helpful in reducing fibromyalgia symptoms, while pregabalin (Lyrica) was the first drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat fibromyalgia. ####Therapy A variety of different therapies can help reduce the effect that fibromyalgia has on your body and your life. Examples include:

    #####Physical therapy. A physical therapist can teach you exercises that will improve your strength, flexibility and stamina. Water-based exercises might be particularly helpful. #####Occupational therapy. An occupational therapist can help you make adjustments to your work area or the way you perform certain tasks that will cause less stress on your body. #####Counseling. Talking with a counselor can help strengthen your belief in your abilities and teach you strategies for dealing with stressful situations.

    Possible complication with Fibromyalgia

    agony incapacity lower personal satisfaction More hospitalizations. On the off chance that you have fibromyalgia you are twice as prone to be hospitalized as somebody without fibromyalgia. Lower personal satisfaction. Ladies with fibromyalgia may encounter a lower personal satisfaction. Higher paces of significant sadness. Grownups with fibromyalgia are multiple occasions bound to have significant wretchedness than grownups without fibromyalgia. Screening and treatment for despondency are critical. Higher demise rates from self destruction and wounds. Passing rates from self destruction and wounds are higher among fibromyalgia patients, however by and large mortality among grownups with fibromyalgia is like everybody. Higher paces of other rheumatic conditions. Fibromyalgia frequently cohappens with different kinds of joint pain, for example, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid joint inflammation, foundational lupus erythematosus, and ankylosing spondylitis.

    References:

    1 https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/underactive-thyroid-hypothyroidism/treatment/ 2 https://www.healthline.com/health/hypothyroidism/symptoms-treatments-more 3 https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothyroidism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350289 4 https://www.webmd.com/women/hypothyroidism-underactive-thyroid-symptoms-causes-treatments#3-7 5 https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/glands/underactive-thyroid#complications-of-an-underactive-thyroid 6 https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/the-lowdown-on-thyroid-slowdown 7 https://patient.info/hormones/thyroid-and-parathyroid-glands/underactive-thyroid-gland-hypothyroidism#nav-3 8 https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/163729#risk_factors 9 https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases/hypothyroidism#who

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