Overview of Coughing up blood
Seeing blood when you cough can be alarming, whether it?s a large or small amount. Coughing up blood is nearly always a symptom of a disease.
The seriousness of the condition depends on the amount of blood and the length of time the blood is being coughed up, but this symptom should never be ignored.
The blood you cough up may come from your nose, throat, upper airways, or lungs. The medical term for coughing up blood is hemoptysis.
Home Remedies for Coughing up blood :
Chronic cough in adults can sometimes be treated with home remedies. Consult your doctor for the home remedies that might be best for you, and talk to your doctor before taking any herbal supplements or natural remedies for chronic cough as some may interact with medications you take.
- Stay hydrated. Fluids can help thin secretions.
- Gargle with warm saltwater to help cleanse the throat and rid it of mucus.
- Elevate your head with extra pillows at night to ease a chronic dry cough.
- Inhale steam in a shower, or use a cool-mist humidifier to relieve dry cough.
- Cough drops may soothe an irritated throat.
- Do not smoke or use tobacco products.
- Avoid inhaled irritants such as smoke, dust, or other pollutants.
- Honey often can be an effective treatment for a persistent cough. Add honey to hot tea, or even grape juice.
- Ginger, prepared as a tea, is often used to help reduce symptoms of chronic cough and clear the nasal passages.
- Other herbs such as eucalyptus or mint are often used to relieve cough symptoms.
When to see doctor for Coughing up blood :
It?s important to contact your doctor any time you cough up blood, as it may be sign of a serious respiratory condition.
Get immediate help if:
- you begin coughing up blood following a fall or injury to the chest
- you cough up more than a few teaspoons of blood
- there?s also blood in your urine or stool
- you experience chest pain, dizziness, fever, light headedness, or shortness of breath
Treatment for the Coughing up blood
Depending on the cause, coughing up blood can be treated in several ways. If simple throat irritation due to excessive coughing is the culprit, over-the-counter throat lozenges and cough suppressants may be enough.
Your doctor will examine your chest and lungs, and will often begin with a chest X-ray. They may also perform the following tests:
- bronchoscopy (to view inside the lungs with a lighted camera)
- chest CT scan (to provide a cross-sectioned view of the chest)
- complete blood count (to reveal certain diseases or conditions)
- lung biopsy (to remove and examine a piece of tissue from the lung)
- lung VQ scan (to evaluate blood flow and airflow to the lungs)
- pulmonary angiography (to assess blood flow in the lungs)
- sputum culture (to find infection-causing organisms)
- pulse oximetry (to check blood oxygen levels)
These tests will be used to identify or rule out certain diseases or conditions that would cause you to cough up blood.
The goals for treatment is to first stop the bleeding, especially in large amounts, and then to treat the underlying cause. If an infection is the cause, your doctor may prescribe medication.
In the cases of severe bleeding, you?ll need to be hospitalized. Your doctor may recommend a procedure known as endovascular embolization that stops bleeding. Other procedures or surgeries may be necessary depending on the cause.
What does it mean if you cough up blood ?
Coughing up blood (hemoptysis) can be a sign of a serious medical condition. Infections, cancer, and problems in blood vessels or in the lungs themselves can be responsible. Coughing up blood generally requires medical evaluation unless the hemoptysis is due to bronchitis.
Should I go to the doctor if I cough up blood ?
When to see a doctor. Call your doctor if you're coughing up blood. He or she can determine whether the cause is minor or potentially more serious. Call 911 or emergency medical help if you're coughing up a lot of blood or if the bleeding won't stop.
What happens if blood comes from throat ?
A bleed inside the mouth is usually not serious unless it doesn't stop or occurs in a young child. Bleeding into the throat or neck can cause swelling which can block your windpipe. If you can't breathe, you will die. Throat bleeding may happen after a bad coughing spell, tonsillitis, or even a common cold.
Why is there a little blood in my spit ?
Blood in the sputum is a common event in many mild respiratory conditions, including upper respiratory infections, bronchitis, and asthma. It can be alarming to cough up a significant amount of blood in sputum or to see blood in mucus frequently. In severe cases, this can result from a lung or stomach condition.
Can acid reflux cause blood in spit ?
Esophagitis and gastroesophageal reflux. Stomach acid that returns, or "refluxes," back into the esophagus from the stomach can cause irritation and inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis) that may lead to bleeding.