Overview of small chest pain
Angina is chest pain or discomfort caused when your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood. It may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. The discomfort also can occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain may even feel like indigestion.
But, angina is not a disease. It is a symptom of an underlying heart problem, usually coronary heart disease (CHD).There are many types of angina, including microvascular angina, Prinzmetal's angina, stable angina, unstable angina and variant angina. View an animation of angina(link opens in new window).
This usually happens because one or more of the coronary arteries is narrowed or blocked, also called ischemia.
Angina can also be a symptom of coronary microvascular disease (MVD). This is heart disease that affects the heart?s smallest coronary arteries and is more likely to affect women than men. Coronary MVD also is called cardiac syndrome X and non-obstructive CHD. Learn more about angina in women.
Home Remedies for small chest pain :
When heart pain occurs after having a meal, acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux may be the possible reason to blame. Both conditions can cause chest pain. Eating almonds or milk added with almonds may be helpful.
** COLD PACKS**
Muscle strain can be one of the common cause of chest or heart pain. In such cases, an individual can have pain in the chest due to any blunt traumatic injury, exercise and other activities. For managing these kinds of issues, icing the area with a cold pack provides relief and reduces swelling.
** HOT DRINKS**
A hot drink may be helpful to reduce gas when an individual?s pain is due to gas or bloating. Hot fluids can help boost digestion. Hibiscus tea supports digestion and heart health, also it lowers down blood pressure and reduces cholesterol.
** BAKING SODA**
A popular recommendation of heart pain is adding baking soda in luke-warm water or cold water. Baking soda in water is an alkaline solution that can reduce acid in the stomach which causes the pain.
Garlic is claimed to be a good remedy for chest pain. People can add cloves or minced garlic with a glass of milk. Garlic can be helpful in preventing plaque from the arteries and reserve heart disease.
** APPLE CIDER VINEGAR**
Apple cider vinegar is another remedy for acid reflux. Many people claim that drinking apple cider vinegar before and after the meal may prevent acid reflux. Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid that gives it tangy taste and is helpful in the breakdown of food, supporting digestion. Also, apple cider vinegar causes minimal or no side effects in most people.
** LYING DOWN**
When the chest or heart pain strikes, lying down the individual immediately with an elevated head above the body may provide some relief. A slightly upright position helps when the pain is due to reflux.
Turmeric have various anti-inflammatory properties that may help to alleviate symptoms of chest pain. Consuming the mixture of warm milk with tablespoon of turmeric spice should be drunk to before going to bed to alleviate this pain.
An individual may take aspirin if he/she is suffering from chest pain. Such type of pain relievers help alleviate heart pain which are generally associated with less severe cases.
** BAKING SODA**
Adding baking soda to warm or cool water is another recommendation for heart pain. The solution of baking soda with water results an alkaline solution that can reduce the acid in the stomach.
When to see doctor for small chest pain :
When in doubt, call your doctor about any chest pain you have, especially if it comes on suddenly or is not relieved by anti-inflammatory medications or other self-care steps, such as changing your diet.
- A sudden feeling of pressure, squeezing, tightness, or crushing under your breastbone
- Chest pain that spreads to your jaw, left arm, or back
- Sudden sharp chest pain with shortness of breath, especially after a long period of inactivity
- Nausea, dizziness, rapid heart rate or rapid breathing, confusion, ashen color, or excessive sweating
- Very low blood pressure or very low heart rate
Treatment for the small chest pain
Treatment varies depending on what's causing your chest pain.
Drugs used to treat some of the most common causes of chest pain include:
- Artery relaxers. Nitroglycerin ? usually taken as a tablet under the tongue ? relaxes heart arteries, so blood can flow more easily through the narrowed spaces. Some blood pressure medicines also relax and widen blood vessels.
- Aspirin. If doctors suspect that your chest pain is related to your heart, you'll likely be given aspirin.
- Thrombolytic drugs. If you are having a heart attack, you may receive these clot-busting drugs. These work to dissolve the clot that is blocking blood from reaching your heart muscle.
- Blood thinners. If you have a clot in an artery feeding your heart or lungs, you'll be given drugs that inhibit blood clotting to prevent the formation of more clots.
- Acid-suppressing medications. If your chest pain is caused by stomach acid splashing into your esophagus, the doctor may suggest medications that reduce the amount of acid in your stomach.
- Antidepressants. If you're experiencing panic attacks, your doctor may prescribe antidepressants to help control your symptoms. Psychological therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, also might be recommended.
Surgical and other procedures
Procedures to treat some of the most dangerous causes of chest pain include:
- Angioplasty and stent placement. If your chest pain is caused by a blockage in an artery feeding your heart, your doctor will insert a catheter with a balloon on the end into a large blood vessel in your groin, and thread it up to the blockage. Your doctor will inflate the balloon tip to widen the artery, then deflate and remove the catheter. In most cases, a small wire mesh tube (stent) is placed on the outside of the balloon tip of the catheter. When expanded, the stent locks into place to keep the artery open.
- Bypass surgery. During this procedure, surgeons take a blood vessel from another part of your body and use it to create an alternative route for blood to go around the blocked artery.
- Dissection repair. You may need emergency surgery to repair an aortic dissection ? a life-threatening condition in which the artery that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body ruptures.
- Lung reinflation. If you have a collapsed lung, doctors may insert a tube in your chest to reinflate the lung.
Why do I have little chest pains ?
Angina is chest pain or discomfort caused when your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood. It may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. The discomfort also can occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. ... It is a symptom of an underlying heart problem, usually coronary heart disease (CHD).
How do I know if chest pain is muscular ?
Classic symptoms of strain in the chest muscle include:
- pain, which may be sharp (an acute pull) or dull (a chronic strain)
- muscle spasms.
- difficulty moving the affected area.
- pain while breathing.
Why does the middle of my chest hurt ?
Chest pain may be caused by angina or a heart attack. Other causes of chest pain can include indigestion, reflux, muscle strain, inflammation in the rib joints near the breastbone, and shingles. If in doubt about the cause of your chest pain, call an ambulance.
Are chest pains normal ?
Chest pain may arise and subside every few minutes or over several days. The cause may be related to the heart, the muscles, the digestive system, or psychological factors. Underlying causes of chest pain may be mild, as in the case of acid reflux. Or, they may be serious and indicate, for example, a heart attack.
Can stress cause chest pains ?
Anxiety Chest Pain Versus Heart Attack
Chest pain that's accompanied by stress and anxiety may be caused by a panic attack. If your chest pain is constant or radiates from your chest to other areas like your jaw or arms, then it's most likely a heart attack.