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Small testicles

Overview of Small testicles

The testicles produce the primary male sex hormone testosterone, as well as sperm. The average size of a man testicle is about 4 x 3 x 2 centimeters (cm) in size and is oval shaped. Most men have two testicles, also known as testes. It?s common for one of a man?s testicles to be a different size than the other testicle. Testicles reside in the scrotum, attached at each end to the spermatic cord.

When to see doctor for Small testicles :

If a person is concerned about the size of their testicles and the accompanying symptoms, they should see a doctor. A doctor can assess whether or not there is a serious underlying problem.

Anyone anxious or self-conscious about the size of their testicles should talk to a healthcare professional at their next appointment.

It is important to schedule an appointment with a healthcare professional if:

  • pain, shrinking, or swelling occurs in one or both testicles
  • a partner does not become pregnant after a year or more of trying
  • a lump appears in the scrotum
  • unusual breast growth occurs
  • there are symptoms of low testosterone, such as erectile problems or low energy
  • other accompanying symptoms arise, such as lower back pain, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, a cough, confusion, or headaches

Treatment for the Small testicles

If hypogonadism is affecting fertility, there are some medications that may help. Clomiphene (Clomid) is an oral medication that boosts hormones necessary for fertility.

It?s often used to help women who are having difficulty becoming pregnant, but it can be used to treat male infertility, too.

Injections of gonadotropins may also be effective if small testicles have reduced your sperm density. Gonadotropins are hormones that stimulate activity in the testicles.

Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) may provide benefits such as increased:

  • energy
  • sex drive
  • muscle mass

It may also contribute to a more positive mental outlook.

However, TRT should be supervised carefully by your doctor. There are some potentially serious side effects, such as prostate problems, abnormal aggressiveness, and circulation disorders.


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