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Vomiting

Overview of Vomiting

Vomiting, or throwing up, is a forceful discharge of stomach contents. It can be a one-time event linked to something that doesn?t settle right in the stomach. Recurrent vomiting may be caused by underlying medical conditions.

Frequent vomiting may also lead to dehydration, which can be life-threatening if left untreated.

Home Remedies for Vomiting :

Ginger

Crush a piece of ginger (adrak) and put it in water. Add one teaspoon of honey to this and sip it the entire day. Ginger has qualities that can ease the irritation of the stomach and bring instant relief. Another best way of having ginger is by making a fresh ginger tea. Take one teaspoon of freshly-grated ginger root to one cup of boiling water. Steep for 10 minutes, and strain before drinking.

Cloves

Keep a few pieces of cloves in your mouth and suck them for long. The aroma and taste of cloves can bring an immediate stop to vomiting. It brings about a change in the taste buds too. It also reduces the sensitivity of the mouth. Drink clove tea to avoid vomiting. Take one cup of boiling water and add one teaspoon of cloves. Steep for ten minutes, and strain before drinking.

Sugar and Salt Water

Since vomiting has the ability to lead to an imbalance of the various levels of salts in the body - these could be sodium, potassium, etc. - drinking a good mixture of sugar and salt in water has the potential to bring these levels into the normal range for effective functioning of the body. The solution will not allow the body to get dehydrated and would prevent weakness of the body. It acts as a natural electrol.

Lemonade

Drink a glass of water with some lemons squeezed into it. If needed, honey can be added for improving the taste of the lemonade. The vitamins and minerals that lemon entails can act as an obstacle to vomiting and thus stop it immediately.

Saunf

Also known as fennel, chewing saunf at regular intervals is extremely effective. It refreshes the taste of the mouth and makes the person feel much better. Have fennel tea to avoid vomiting. Take one teaspoon of fennel seeds and add one cup of boiling water. Steep for 10 minutes and strain before drinking.

Orange Juice

Fresh home-made orange juice replenishes lost minerals, vitamins and nutrients of the body at a fast rate. It also has the potential to bring the blood pressure levels within the normal range. You can lso have oranges as is or in the form of salad. The citrusy flavour of the fruit will help avoid he feeling of vomiting.

When to see doctor for Vomiting :

Adults and babies

Adults and babies should see a doctor if they:

Pregnant women

Pregnant women should see a doctor if their nausea and vomiting makes it impossible to eat or drink or keep anything in the stomach.

Treatment for the Vomiting

Treatment for vomiting depends on the underlying cause. Drinking plenty of water and sports drinks containing electrolytes can help prevent dehydration.

In adults

Consider these home remedies:

  • Eat small meals consisting of only light and plain foods (rice, bread, crackers or the BRAT diet).
  • Sip clear liquids.
  • Rest and avoid physical activity.

Medications can be helpful:

  • Over-the-counter (OTC) medications like Imodium and Pepto-Bismol may help suppress nausea and vomiting as you wait for your body to fight off an infection
  • Depending on the cause, a doctor may prescribe antiemetic drugs, like ondansetron (Zofran), granisetron, or promethazine.
  • OTC antacids or other prescription medications can help treat the symptoms of acid reflux.
  • Anti-anxiety medications can be prescribed if your vomiting is related to an anxiety condition.

In babies

  • Keep your baby lying on their stomach or side to lessen the chances of inhaling vomit
  • Make sure your baby consumes extra fluids, such as water, sugar water, oral rehydration solutions (Pedialyte) or gelatin; if your baby is still breastfeeding, continue to breastfeed often.
  • Avoid solid foods.
  • See a doctor if your baby refuses to eat or drink anything for more than a few hours.

When pregnant

Pregnant women who have morning sickness or hyperemesis gravidarum may need to receive intravenous fluids if they?re unable to keep down any fluids.

More severe cases of hyperemesis gravidarum might require total parenteral nutrition given through an IV.

A doctor may also prescribe antiemetics, such as promethazine, metoclopramide (Reglan), or droperidol (Inapsine), to help prevent nausea and vomiting. These medications can be given by mouth, IV, or suppository

FAQ

How does a person vomit ?

The stomach is relatively unimportant in the act of vomiting. The brain is in charge, and muscles adjacent to the stomach do the work. The vomiting center is located in the medulla oblongata, the rear part of the brain. This neural center acts on information supplied by the stomach, the intestines, the gag reflex in the throat, the inner ear, and most importantly, the chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ), which is located on the floor of the fourth ventricle in the brain, in case anyone cares. The CTZ takes in data about the presence of toxins in the blood and alerts the vomiting center to go to work when it believes the body has been poisoned. The stomach and intestines can signal for vomiting to occur when they are irritated or overloaded. The function of the gag reflex in the throat -- actually the province of something called the constrictor muscle -- is well known.

How can stop vomiting ?

  1. Sit down or lie propped up.
  2. Avoid physical activity.
  3. Drink something sugary like ginger ale or Gatorade.
  4. Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and acidic drinks like orange juice.
  5. Suck ice chips or have a cold drink.
  6. Avoid oily and spicy foods.
  7. Practice deep breathing exercises.

What helps after vomiting ?

  • Drink clear or ice-cold drinks.
  • Eat light, bland foods (such as saltine crackers or plain bread).
  • Avoid fried, greasy, or sweet foods.
  • Eat slowly and eat smaller, more frequent meals.
  • Do not mix hot and cold foods.
  • Drink beverages slowly.

Which tablet is used for vomiting ?

Zofran Tablets contain a medicine called ondansetron. This belongs to a group of medicines called serotonin receptor-3 antagonists. Zofran Tablets are used to help stop the nausea (sick feeling) and vomiting which can occur after medical treatments and operations.

When should you eat after vomiting ?

You should be able to start eating a more regular diet, including fruits and vegetables, within about 24 to 48 hours after vomiting or having diarrhea.

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