Red blood cells develop in the bone marrow, which is the sponge-like tissue inside your bones. Your body normally destroys old or faulty red blood cells in the spleen or other parts of your body through a process called hemolysis. Hemolytic anemia occurs when you have a low number of red blood cells due to too much hemolysis in the body.
There are many types of hemolytic anemia, which doctors diagnose based on the underlying cause of your anemia. Certain conditions can cause hemolysis to happen too fast or too often. Conditions that may lead to hemolytic anemia include inherited blood disorders such as sickle cell disease or thalassemia, autoimmune disorders, bone marrow failure, or infections. Some medicines or side effects to blood transfusions may cause hemolytic anemia.
Hemolytic anemia can develop suddenly or slowly, and it can be mild or severe. Signs and symptoms may include fatigue, dizziness, heart palpitations, pale skin, headache, confusion, jaundice, and a spleen or liver that is larger than normal. Severe hemolytic anemia can cause chills, fever, pain in the back and abdomen, or shock. Severe hemolytic anemia that is not treated or controlled can lead to serious complications, such as irregular heart rhythms called arrhythmias; cardiomyopathy, in which the heart grows larger than normal; or heart failure.
To diagnose hemolytic anemia, your doctor will do a physical exam and order blood tests. Additional tests may include a urine test, a bone marrow test, or genetic tests. People who are diagnosed with mild hemolytic anemia may not need treatment at all. For others, hemolytic anemia can often be treated or controlled. Treatments may include lifestyle changes, medicines, blood transfusions, blood and bone marrow transplants, or surgery to remove the spleen. If your hemolytic anemia is caused by medicines or another health condition, your doctor may change your treatment to control or stop the hemolytic anemia.
Rhesus disease is a condition where antibodies in a pregnant woman's blood destroy her baby's blood cells. Rhesus disease doesn't harm the mother, but it can cause the baby to become anaemic and develop jaundice.
Rhesus disease is one of the diseases which can cause jaundice.
Rhesus disease can only happen if a mother's blood type is Rhesus negative and her baby's blood type is Rhesus positive. The mother's immune system produces antibodies that react against her baby's blood. The baby's red blood cells break down. The medical word for this process is haemolysis. It leads to more bilirubin being produced than normal and a high chance of jaundice.
A mother's blood type is routinely checked at the beginning of pregnancy. All women who are Rhesus negative have extra blood tests during pregnancy to check if they are making Rhesus antibodies. The baby's blood group is not known at this stage. It is checked after birth. If a baby is at risk of Rhesus disease, there are several treatments.
Hepatitis B is a contamination of your liver. It can cause scarring of the organ, liver disappointment, and malignant growth. It very well may be deadly in the event that it isn't dealt with.
It's spread when individuals interact with the blood, open injuries, or body liquids of somebody who has the hepatitis B infection.
It's not kidding, however on the off chance that you get the malady as a grownup, it shouldn't keep going quite a while. Your body fends it off inside a couple of months, and you're invulnerable for a mindblowing remainder. That implies you can't get it once more. In any case, on the off chance that you get it during childbirth, it' improbable to leave.
The liver is an organ about the size of a football. It sits just under your rib cage on the right side of your abdomen. The liver is essential for digesting food and ridding your body of toxic substances.
Liver disease can be inherited (genetic). Liver problems can also be caused by a variety of factors that damage the liver, such as viruses, alcohol use and obesity.
Over time, conditions that damage the liver can lead to scarring (cirrhosis), which can lead to liver failure, a life-threatening condition. But early treatment may give the liver time to heal.