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Bilirubin Total

Bilirubin Total:Bilirubin Total, Direct, Indirect (serum)

Overview

"A bilirubin test measures the amount of bilirubin in your blood. It�s used to help find the cause of health conditions like jaundice, anemia, and liver disease.Bilirubin is an orange-yellow pigment, a waste product primarily produced by the normal breakdown of heme. Heme is a component of hemoglobin, which is found in red blood cells (RBCs). Bilirubin is ultimately processed by the liver to allow its elimination from the body. This test measures the amount of bilirubin in the blood to evaluate a person's liver function or to help diagnose anemias caused by RBC destruction (hemolytic anemia).

Preparation(Before)

Inform your doctor if you are on any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your Bilirubin test. Your doctor will give specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for Bilirubin test.

Do not take any food or drinks for at least 4 hours before the test. Some medicines may interfere with the test results, so your healthcare provider may ask you to stop certain medications for a few days before the test. Hence, you are advised to inform your healthcare provider about your current medical conditions as well as your current medications before undergoing this test.

Result explanation

Increased levels of bilirubin in the blood are known as jaundice. This may indicate liver damage. Various disorders or diseases such as a rapid breakdown of red blood cells, erythroblastosis fetalis (a severe blood disorder affecting newborn babies), hemolytic anemia, blood transfusion reactions; gallbladder disorders including gallstones and biliary stricture, cancer of pancreas; liver disorders such as liver cirrhosis, Gilbert disease (a disorder in which bilirubin is unprocessed by the liver), hepatitis where the liver is inflamed or swollen, etc.

Newborn babies usually have high levels of bilirubin as compared to adults. However, this is a normal reaction to the stress of birth and bilirubin levels usually stabilize over a few days. If the bilirubin levels for these babies continue to remain high or continue to increase, this may indicate jaundice or other liver problems.

Lower levels of bilirubin are usually not a cause for concern. Certain medications like phenobarbital, theophylline, etc. may also cause lower levels of bilirubin.

The normal reference ranges may vary depending on gender, age, and health history, etc. Hence, if your test results are abnormal, consult your doctor for further instructions. Based on the test results, your doctor may advise you appropriate medical treatments, lifestyle modifications, or further diagnostic tests.

Gender Age groups Value

OTHER All age groups 0.3 to 1.2 mg/dl Increased levels of bilirubin in the blood are known as jaundice. This may indicate liver damage. Various disorders or diseases such as a rapid breakdown of red blood cells, erythroblastosis fetalis (a severe blood disorder affecting newborn babies), hemolytic anemia, blood transfusion reactions; gallbladder disorders including gallstones and biliary stricture, cancer of pancreas; liver disorders such as liver cirrhosis, Gilbert disease (a disorder in which bilirubin is unprocessed by the liver), hepatitis where the liver is inflamed or swollen, etc.

Newborn babies usually have high levels of bilirubin as compared to adults. However, this is a normal reaction to the stress of birth and bilirubin levels usually stabilize over a few days. If the bilirubin levels for these babies continue to remain high or continue to increase, this may indicate jaundice or other liver problems.

Lower levels of bilirubin are usually not a cause for concern. Certain medications like phenobarbital, theophylline, etc. may also cause lower levels of bilirubin.

The normal reference ranges may vary depending on gender, age, and health history, etc. Hence, if your test results are abnormal, consult your doctor for further instructions. Based on the test results, your doctor may advise you appropriate medical treatments, lifestyle modifications, or further diagnostic tests.

Gender Age groups Value

OTHER All age groups 0.3 to 1.2 mg/dl

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