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Crohn's Disease - Its Types, Causes And Symptoms!

Crohn's Disease - Its Types, Causes And Symptoms!

One of the more severe illnesses included in the larger group of diseases known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's disease is typically a long-lasting, chronic condition. The intestine or bowel, most commonly the colon and the lower part of the small intestine, are either marked by sores or get inflamed and ulcerated. It is a common occurrence in adolescents and young adults.

Types-
Crohn's disease is subdivided into five types, each having its own set of symptoms:

1. Ileocolitis - The most common type, it affects the colon and the ileum and results in considerable weight loss as well as diarrhea and cramps.
2. Gastroduodenal Crohn's disease - People who suffer from this type of disease have their stomach and duodenum affected and many experience symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite and weight loss.
3. Crohn'scolitis - This involves only the stomach, and can cause joint pains, rectal bleeding, skin lesions and diarrheas,
4. Ileitis - This type affects the ileum and the symptoms are identical to those of ileocolitis.
5. Jejunoileitis - In this type, the jejunum gets affected and general symptoms include the formation of fistulas, diarrhea, intensive back pain as well as areas of inflammation.

Causes-
Despite the uncertainty as to the nature of the specific causes of Crohn's disease, there have been a few possible causes which have been identified. These include:

  1. Immune system problems
  2. Genetic disorders
  3. Environmental factors, such as:-
    a) Certain edibles
    b) Viruses or harmful bacteria
    c) Smoke

Symptoms-
The primary symptoms of Crohn's disease include the following:

  1. Diarrhea: This can occur for about 10 to 20 times a day in more severe cases.
  2. In rare cases, there may be blood in your stool.
  3. In more intense cases, you may even develop a fever.
  4. Cramping and intermittent belly pain.
  5. Anemia, due to a reduction in iron levels caused by bloody stools.
  6. Weight loss.
  7. The erratic appearance of small tears in the anus called anal fissures.

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