Diet chart for pregnancy triemester by trimester or week by week
First trimester pregnancy diet plans (4 - 13 weeks)
Although you need a variety of nutrients all through your pregnancy to keep yourself and your baby healthy, we have selected a few which are particularly important for your baby's development in your first trimester.
The most important nutrients you need during the first trimester are folic acid, iron, and vitamin B6.
Folic acid protects your baby from neural tube disorders such as spina bifida and other birth disorders like cleft palate.
Iron is essential to make healthy red blood cells that carry oxygen around your body. Not having enough iron can leave you tired and breathless. Iron deficiency anaemia (low Hb) is common in India so this nutrient is important throughout pregnancy.
Second trimester pregnancy diet plans (14 - 27 weeks)
In the second trimester, your baby's bones are growing and so is his brain. You need plenty of calcium and vitamin D for growing healthy bones and omega 3 is essential for your baby's brain development.
Another nutrient we have marked in our meal planners for the second trimester is betacarotene, a form of vitamin A that helps give us healthy blood and skin.
We have also continued to highlight iron-rich foods since anaemia (low Hb) is so common in India, especially among vegetarians.
Third trimester pregnancy diet plans (28 - 40 weeks)
In the third trimester, your baby?s growth will speed up as he gains weight and prepares for life outside the womb. Because of this, you'll find that you?re gaining weight rapidly. Try not to worry too much about the extra kilos, as long as you're eating a well-balanced and healthy diet. Your energy requirement will increase as your baby is building layers of fat.
Vitamin K is essential for blood to clot, which is important after childbirth. So it is recommended that in your third trimester you eat plenty of food rich in vitamin K so that your body is not low on this vital nutrient at birth.
As in the first and second trimesters, iron continues to be an important nutrient in your third trimester to prevent anaemia. If you are anaemic, and the condition goes untreated, you are at higher risk of having premature labour.